As Delta smelt nears extinction, CDFW issues take permit to Department of Water Resources


By Dan Bacher | 

During the midst of the COVID-19 Pandemic today, the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) issued a controversial Incidental Take Permit (ITP) to the Department of Water Resources (DWR) for long-term operations of the State Water Project (SWP).
Ironically, the permit was issued the same day that the Department of Fish and Wildlife, NOAA Fisheries and the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC) decided in a conference call to close the ocean salmon season in California during the month of April, due to concerns over the coronavirus epidemic. 
The permit covers four species protected under the California Endangered Species Act: Delta smelt, longfin smelt, winter-run Chinook salmon and spring-run Chinook salmon, according to a press release from DWR. 
The take permit was issued as the Delta smelt, once the most abundant species on the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta, continues its steep slide towards extinction. For the second year in a row, the California Department of Fish and Wildlife in its annual fall midwater trawl survey in 2019 found zero Delta smelt during the months of September, October, November and December.
Found only in the San Francisco Bay-Delta Estuary, the smelt is an indicator species that shows the health of the ecosystem. Decades of water exports and environmental degradation under the state and federal governments have brought the smelt to the edge of extinction. For more information, go to:
“California’s water operations need to support our communities while protecting our fish and wildlife,” said DWR Director Karla A. Nemeth and CDFW Director Charlton H. Bonham in a joint statement. “This Incidental Take Permit (ITP) enables this balance. Most importantly, it ensures that our state water infrastructure operates in a manner protective of fish species listed under state’s endangered species law. It does so in many ways, including by dedicating water for Delta outflows during drier periods when fish and habitat need it the most.”
“The permit also provides flexibility to capture and store water during wet years for both water supply and the environment. The ITP also better utilizes existing infrastructure to improve habitat conditions; creates a new barrier to minimize entrainment of migrating salmon at SWP pumps; and commits significant new funding to ecosystem improvements and expanded scientific research,

they stated.

“It enables adaptive water management based on scientific monitoring while providing final decision-making authority to CDFW on operational changes that protect fish. Together, DWR and CDFW will implement this permit to meet the needs of Californians and our state’s natural environment,” Nemeth and Bonham concluded.
DWR’s final environmental document can be found here and CDFW’s ITP can be found here.

Delta and salmon advocates disagree with Nemeth and Bonham’s claim that the incidental take permit “protects” endangered fish and utilizes the best use of science. In the latest Delta Flows, Barbara Barrigan-Parrilla, Executive Director of Restore the Delta, commented on the permit.

“The incidental take permit for operations of the State Water Project has been completed,” she explained. “This is the permit for ‘take’ or management of fish at the pumps. The legislature has been briefed with a PowerPoint; as of now there is no publication of the document. The PowerPoint indicates new South Delta barriers, gates at Suisun Marsh; and greater water exports during wet periods. That is when we need flushing flows for the elimination of harmful algal blooms and for full estuary health. While we will need to vet the document for details, this does not sound like best use of science.”
“Secretary Crowfoot made it clear there is an effort to reach a settlement with the Trump Administration around the operation of the State and Federal water pumps, which we understand would stop the present lawsuit filed by the state to protect the Delta. Tell him what you think about that,” Barrigan-Parrilla concluded. For more information, go to:  
Regina Chichizola, the co-director of Save California Salmon, noted that although the closure of salmon season during April was announced by the state and federal governments today, the Delta Tunnel and new state water project operations are moving forward, including the issuing of the incidental take permit by The CDFW today.
“Please email and ask her to put the tunnel project and new state water operations on hold while we are sheltering in place. We should not have to fight for our lives and our salmon at the same time,” urged Chichizola.
As I receive more comments from fishermen, Tribal leaders, conservationists, Delta residents and environmental justice advocates on the issuing of the permit, I will post them here.
Background from DWR:
“Under the California Endangered Species Act, DWR is required to obtain an ITP to minimize, avoid and fully mitigate impacts to threatened or endangered species as a result of State Water Project operations.
In past years, DWR obtained coverage for SWP operations under CESA by securing a consistency determination from DFW based on federal biological opinions issued by federal regulatory agencies. In 2018, as federal agencies were working to update biological opinions, President Trump issued a Presidential Memorandum to greatly accelerate their completion.
In February 2019, state agencies announced they would for the first time pursue a separate state permit to ensure SWP’s compliance with CESA. Pursuing a separate permit enables the state to avoid relying on federal permits and provides the opportunity to utilize transparent, science-based guidelines to establish rules to protect endangered fish.
In November 2019, DWR issued a draft document prepared under the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) that identified potential operational changes to protect species and manage the SWP based on real-time conditions in the Delta ecosystem, including additional flows dedicated to the environment. After a public comment period, DWR developed and submitted an application for an ITP to DFW in December 2019.
DWR certified its final environmental document on March 27, and DFW issued the ITP on March 31.”


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